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3-Space™ Sensors

Low-latency inertial motion capture suits and sensors

The Yost Labs’ 3-Space™ sensor product line is a family of miniature, high-precision, high-reliability, Attitude and Heading Reference Systems (AHRS) / Inertial Measurement Units (IMU). Each Yost Labs’ 3-Space™ sensor uses triaxial gyroscope, accelerometer, and compass sensors in conjunction with advanced processing and on-board quaternion-based filtering algorithms to determine orientation relative to an absolute reference in real-time.

  • Fast sensor update and filter rate allow use in real-time applications, including stabilization, virtual reality, real-time immersive simulation, and robotics
  • Highly customizable orientation sensing with options such as tunable filtering, oversampling, and orientation error correction
  • Advanced integrated Kalman filtering allows sensor to automatically reduce the effects of sensor noise and sensor error
  • Robust open protocol allows commands to be sent in human readable form, or more quickly in machine readable form
  • Orientation output format available in absolute or relative terms in multiple formats ( quaternion, rotation matrix, axis angle, two-vector )
  • Filter update rate: up to 1750Hz with QGRAD2™ AHRS (with 3-Space LX sensor)

Yost Labs’ 3-Space™ sensors with QGRAD2™ fusion firmware are establishing new benchmarks for low latency and high accuracy. These sensors output fully fused orientations at 1750Hz (3x faster than sensors running a Kalman filter alone) providing the necessary low latency responsiveness needed for applications such as HMD tracking, drone stabilization, biomechanics analysis, and real-time robotic control. For calibrated IMU data, 3-Space sensors clock in at 1350Hz. These impressive stats are the result of a decade of sensor fusion research and development. Yost Labs’ innovative work with 3-Space sensors has been recognized with several patent awards and numerous additional patents pending.

3-Space™ Embedded

  • Communication Options: SPI, USB 2.0, or asynchronous serial
  • Castellated SMT edge pads provide secure SMT mounting and allow optional through-hole mounting
  • Programmable interrupt capability
  • Development kit available
  • 23mm x 23mm x 2mm
  • 1.3 grams

Full Product Description

3-Space™ Micro USB

  • Communication Options: USB 2.0, or asynchronous serial23mm x 23mm x 2mm
  • SMT solder pads allow asynchronous serial communication or connection of external button inputs
  • PCB edge contour allows for easy screw mounting
  • 23mm x 23mm x 2mm
  • 1.3 grams

Full Product Description

3-Space™ Wireless 2.4GHz DSSS

  • Integrated 2.4GHz DSSS wireless communication (FCC Certified)
  • up to 200′ wireless range
  • Integrated rechargeable Lithium-Polymer battery
  • 5+ hour battery life
  • two programmable input buttons
  • hand-held or strap-down packaging
  • Requires communication dongle unit.
  • 35mm x 60mm x 15mm
  • 28 grams

Full Product Description

3-Space™ Wireless Dongle

  • USB 2.0 Wireless 2.4GHz DSSS adapter
  • Communications: USB virtual COM port, 2.4Ghz Wireless
  • Up to 15 wireless sensor units per dongle
  • RGB status LED
  • High-performance wireless features
  • Enhanced wireless reliability
  • 65mm x 22.7mm x 15mm

Full Product Description

3-Space™ Bluetooth

  • 2.4GHz Bluetooth v2.0+EDR Class 1 or USB 2.0 interfaces
  • rechargeable lithium-polymer battery
  • Hand-held or screw-down case

Full Product Description

3-Space™ Watertight USB/RS232

  • Communication options: USB 2.0 or RS232 asynchronous serial
  • IP67 rated connector provides power, USB, and RS232 connections
  • screw-down water-tight silicone-sealed IP67 rated enclosure
  • two programmable input buttons
  • 35mm x 67.6mm x 20mm
  • 21 grams

Full Product Description

3-Space™ Data Logger

  • MicroSD card allows for data-logging applications, USB allows for real-time applications
  • Enumeration as USB mass-storage device makes access to logged data easy
  • Built-in clock/calendar provides for fully time-stamped event logging at high resolution
  • Integrated rechargeable Lithium-Polymer battery
  • 5+ hour battery life
  • hand-held or strap-down packaging
  • two programmable input buttons
  • 35mm x 60mm x 15mm
  • 28 grams

Full Product Description

3-Space™ USB/RS232

  • Communication options: USB 2.0 or RS232 asynchronous serial
  • Miniature barrel jack power input optionMiniature TRS connector for RS232 and power input
  • hand-held or strap-down packaging
  • two programmable input buttons
  • 35mm x 50mm x 15mm
  • 17 grams

Full Product Description

Sensor Specifications for all models
Orientation range 360º about all axes
Orientation accuracy ±1º for dynamic conditions & all orientations
Orientation resolution <0.08º
Orientation repeatability 0.085º for all orientations
Accelerometer scale ±2g / ±4g / ±8g selectable for standard models
±6g / ±12g / ±24g selectable for HH models
±100g / ±200g / ±400g selectable for H3 models
Accelerometer resolution 14 bit, 12 bit(HH), 12 bit(H3)
Accelerometer noise density 99µg/√Hz, 650µg/√Hz(HH), 15mg/√Hz(H3)
Accelerometer sensitivity 0.00024g/digit-0.00096g/digit
Accelerometer temperature sensitivity ±0.008%/°C, ±0.01%/°C(HH, H3)
Gyro scale ±250/±500/±1000/±2000 º/sec selectable
Gyro resolution 16 bit
Gyro noise density 0.009º/sec/√Hz
Gyro bias stability @ 25°C 2.5º/hr average for all axes
Gyro sensitivity 0.00833º/sec/digit for ±250º/sec
Gyro non-linearity 0.2% full-scale
Gyro temperature sensitivity ±0.03%/°C
Compass scale 0.00833º/sec/digit for ±250º/sec
0.06667º/sec/digit for ±2000º/sec
Compass resolution 12 bit
Compass sensitivity 0.73 mGa/digit
Compass non-linearity 0.1% full-scale

Areas of Application

  • Robotics
  • Motion capture
  • Positioning and stabilization
  • Personnel/pedestrian navigation and tracking
  • Unmanned air/land/water vehicle navigation
  • Education and performing arts
  • Healthcare monitoring
  • Gaming and motion control
  • Accessibility interfaces
  • Virtual reality and immersive simulation

Additional Information

“We chose the 3-Space™ Embedded sensor for our medical product because of its ease of integration – it is the best product on the market” Medical Device Manufacturer (confidential) (NY)

“We tested every AHRS/IMU we could get our hands on, 3-Space™ sensors performed at or better then everything else, and was actually the lowest price” Director of Product Development, HMD manufacturer (CA)